A type of arthritis, gout is characterized by uric acid buildup in the body resulting in crystals of sodium urate that collect in the joints and surrounding tissues, a phenomenon which occurs more frequently in men than women. Symptoms of gout can come on suddenly and may include pain, swelling, redness, and discomfort in the impacted area. Sometimes prescribed as an oral treatment for gout, NSAIDs can have dangerous side effects like internal bleeding, stomach pain, and ulcers. Colchicine or corticosteroids are two other options, either taken in pill form or injected into the joint itself. Several other drugs, including Probenecid, may reduce uric acid in the body, although this treatment can raise the levels of uric acid found in the patient’s urine, potentially resulting in kidney stones. Talking to a pharmacist about topical treatments for localized inflammation can be a preferable option for some.